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Neurologist FAQ #1: What Is a Neurologist, Exactly?

Updated: Mar 28, 2023

People often have questions about what a neurologist does, exactly. After all, neurology encompasses a range of conditions, and that can lead to confusion about which circumstances best call for a neurologist. In Part 1 of our series, "FAQs About Neurology and Neurologists," we tackle the question of what a neurologist is.

What Is a Neurologist?

A neurologist is a medical doctor who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases and disorders of the nervous system. This includes the brain, spinal cord, nerves, and muscles.

What Does a Neurologist Do?

Neurologists have specialized training in the complex structures and functions of the nervous system, and they use a variety of tools and techniques to diagnose and treat conditions including:

  • Stroke

  • Epilepsy

  • Multiple sclerosis

  • Parkinson's disease

  • Alzheimer's disease

  • Migraine headaches

  • Neuromuscular disorders

  • Traumatic brain injury

  • Spinal cord injury

  • Brain tumors

What Tests Do Neurologists Perform?

Neurologists may perform a variety of tests, including MRI scans, EEGs, ambulatory EEGs, EMGs, VENGs, and nerve conduction studies, to help diagnose neurological conditions. They may also prescribe medications, recommend lifestyle changes, or refer patients to other specialists for further treatment.

What Other Providers Does a Neurologist Work With to Help Me?

Neurologists work closely with other healthcare professionals, including psychiatrists, counselors, and physical therapists, to provide comprehensive care for patients.

More FAQs about Neurology and Neurologists:

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